The Current Digest of the Chinese Press
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Volume 9, Number 30 (July 20-26, 2020)
FEATURED NEWS STORIES
China, US Exchange Consulate Closures Click here to read more
China Launches Mars Mission
POLITICS & CULTURE
Xi Stresses Revitalizing Northeast China
Primary-Level Governance Key to Stability
State & Law
Criminal Cases Drop in H1
China Condemns UK Suspension of Extradition
HKSAR Gov’t Deplores UK Interference
Residents Feel Safer With Security Law
Juvenile Education Requires Input From All
Beijing’s Coronavirus Progress Encouraging
TCM Contributing to Common Health
China Goes All Out to Battle Yangtze River Floods
CSL Resumption Meaningful to Chinese Sports
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS & SECURITY
China, ASEAN to Embrace Brighter Future
China Defends Military-Civilian Integration Policy
Xi Calls for New Achievements in Saudi Ties
Xi Says Palestine Question the Core Issue
By Banning Huawei, UK Goes Against Trend
Meng Wanzhou’s Lawyers: US Misleading Canada
Accusations Against Meng Wanzhou Unsubstantiated
What Is Behind US McCarthyism on China?
China Hysteria Won’t ‘Make America Great Again’
US Human Rights Ills Laid Bare in Pandemic
US Hegemonic Anti-China Scheme Destined to Fail
Pompeo’s Dangerous Attempts Doomed to Fail
BUSINESS & THE ECONOMY
Foreign Economic Relations
China Committed to Pooling Resources
Third CIIE to Inject Impetus Into Global Economy
China Sees Stable Economic Recovery
Market Entities Vital to Its Economic Recovery
Entrepreneurs Confident After Xi Vows Support
China Takes Measures to Protect Firms
Lenders Get Creative With Targeted Credit Support
STAR Market: A Stellar Start and High Hopes
Firms Turn Digital to Maintain Supply Chains
Bottom Line of Grain Security Must Not Be Crossed
Author: Guan Canghai
Central Gov’t Office for Safeguarding National Security Protects HK Security
The Office for Safeguarding National Security of the Central People’s Government in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR) was inaugurated on July 8.
The national security commission in the HKSAR, the Department of Justice of the HKSAR government and the national security department of the Hong Kong Police Force were recently established according to law and started their work. Chief Executive of HKSAR Carrie Lam has appointed judges to hear cases related to the national security law, and the Implementation Rules for Article 43 of the Law of the People’s Republic of China on Safeguarding National Security in the HKSAR have taken effect.
All these signal that Hong Kong has basically built an implementation mechanism for safeguarding national security.
The promulgation of the national security law for implementation marks a major turning point in Hong Kong from chaos to governance. The national security law is not a decoration; it must be effective and have strong enforcement mechanisms.
The establishment of the office is a major measure taken by the central government to fulfill its fundamental responsibilities for safeguarding national security.
As agencies of the central government in Hong Kong, the office, along with relevant agencies in the HKSAR, carry out their work in accordance with the duties stipulated by the national security law. Together, they constitute the implementation mechanism of the HKSAR to maintain national security, and perform the constitutional responsibility of maintaining national security to ensure that relevant laws are in place and effectively implemented.
National security undoubtedly comes within the purview of the central authorities. The central authorities have the power and responsibility to take all necessary measures to maintain national security.
The central government has full trust in the HKSAR and authorizes it to fulfill the main task of safeguarding national security, but still needs to retain the power to address an extremely small number of cases that the HKSAR is unable to deal with.
The national security law in the HKSAR stipulates that the right of jurisdiction over crimes endangering national security rests with the HKSAR government, except under three specific circumstances.
First, when a case involves a complex situation involving the intervention of a foreign country or overseas forces, and the HKSAR has difficulty in exercising jurisdiction; second, when the HKSAR government is unable to effectively enforce the law; and third, when national security faces a major and imminent threat.
It should be noticed that the office cannot independently exercise jurisdiction over a case at its own discretion. There are very few criminal cases under the jurisdiction of the office, and there are strict enforcement procedures in place. In other words, the cases must be proposed by the HKSAR government or the office and reported to the Central People’s Government for approval. Designing the system in this way shows that the central government fully respects Hong Kong’s high degree of autonomy.
The establishment of the office is a key link for Hong Kong to safeguard national security. It won’t replace the agencies of the HKSAR, or affect the law-enforcement power, prosecution power, independent judicial power and final adjudication power enjoyed by the HKSAR in its own jurisdiction.
The two law-enforcement and judicial bodies of the central government and the HKSAR carry out law-enforcement and judicial activities in accordance with their respective laws. This will make Hong Kong’s system of safeguarding national security sounder and more effective, and actions to combat various activities that endanger national security more forceful.
In the face of the strengthened protection of national security in Hong Kong, unscrupulous anti-China forces are playing their old tricks again by discrediting the judicial system and the rule of law on the mainland.
However, their lies have been exposed in the face of facts and laws. It is known by all that the Chinese mainland has a sound legal system and a good environment for the rule of law.
According to the latest Doing Business 2020 by a World Bank Group report, China has topped the world in terms of the quality of its judicial process for two consecutive years.
At this time, some Hong Kong citizens still have worries and doubts about the national security agencies of the central government in Hong Kong. This is understandable.
History is the best teacher. Before returning to the motherland, Hong Kong society also had similar worries and doubts, but the facts after Hong Kong’s reunification dispelled all rumors.
We believe that under the effects of the national security law and efforts of the office, and especially national security agencies in Hong Kong, all conduct and activities that endanger national security will be effectively prevented, stopped and punished.
Time will eventually prove that the Office for Safeguarding National Security of the Central People’s Government in the HKSAR is the protector of Hong Kong and national security.
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Author: Xinhua News Agency
China Adopts Law on Safeguarding National Security in Hong Kong
Beijing – Chinese lawmakers Tuesday [June 30] voted to adopt the Law of the People’s Republic of China on Safeguarding National Security in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR).
The law was passed unanimously at the 20th session of the Standing Committee of the 13th National People’s Congress (NPC), China’s top legislature.
President Xi Jinping signed a presidential order to promulgate the law, which goes into effect on the date of promulgation.
With 66 articles in six chapters, the law clearly defines the duties and government bodies of the HKSAR for safeguarding national security and four categories of offences – secession, subversion, terrorist activities, and collusion with a foreign country or external elements to endanger national security – and their corresponding penalties.
According to the law, the central government will set up an office in the HKSAR for safeguarding national security.
The HKSAR will establish a committee for safeguarding national security, which is under the supervision of and accountable to the central government. To be chaired by the HKSAR chief executive, the committee shall have a national security adviser designated by the central government. The Hong Kong police force will also set up a department for safeguarding national security, according to the law.
After the law was passed, the NPC Standing Committee consulted its HKSAR Basic Law Committee and the HKSAR government, and adopted on Tuesday afternoon, by a unanimous vote, a decision to list the law in Annex III to the HKSAR Basic Law.
The newly-adopted decision stipulates that the law shall be applied locally in the HKSAR by way of promulgation by the region.
The law came into force in Hong Kong at 11:00 p.m. local time on Tuesday upon its promulgation by the HKSAR government in the gazette.
HKSAR Chief Executive Carrie Lam said in a statement that the HKSAR government welcomes the passage of the law.
“I am confident that after the implementation of the national security law, the social unrest which has troubled Hong Kong people for nearly a year will be eased and stability will be restored, thereby enabling Hong Kong to start anew, focus on economic development and improve people’s livelihood,” she said.
The law came after prolonged social unrest and escalating street violence had plunged Hong Kong into the gravest situation since its return to the motherland in 1997. Rampant activities of “Hong Kong independence” organizations and violent radicals as well as blatant interference by external forces have disrupted Hong Kong residents’ daily life and threatened their safety.
Addressing the closing meeting of the NPC Standing Committee session, Li Zhanshu, chairman of the NPC Standing Committee, said the unanimous passage of the law and the decision has reflected the common will of the Chinese people including Hong Kong compatriots.
Stressing that national security, social stability and the order of rule of law are the premises of the development of Hong Kong, Li said the legislation represents the aspirations of the people and an irresistible trend of the times.
In a statement, the Hong Kong and Macao Affairs Office of the State Council voiced firm support for the law, calling it a “milestone” event that will usher in a turning point for Hong Kong to end chaos and bring back order.
In a separate statement, the Liaison Office of the Central People’s Government in the HKSAR said the promulgation and implementation of the law at the occasion of the 23rd anniversary of Hong Kong’s return to the motherland is an event worth celebrating for all Chinese people, including Hong Kong compatriots.
Nearly 2.93 million Hong Kong residents earlier signed a petition in support of the national security legislation during an eight-day campaign starting May 24.
‘Sword’ and ‘guardian.’
The Hong Kong and Macao Affairs Office of the State Council said in its statement that for a tiny number of people endangering national security, the law will be a “sharp sword” hanging over their heads.
But for the vast majority of Hong Kong residents including foreigners in Hong Kong, the law will be a “guardian” that protects their rights, freedoms and peaceful life, said the office.
According to the law, people convicted of the national security crimes could face up to life imprisonment.
Convicted criminals will be disqualified from running for public office, and people in public office who are found guilty of the crimes will be removed from their posts.
The law shall apply to acts committed after its entry into force for the purpose of conviction and imposition of punishment, according to its provision.
Upon promulgation, the law will resolutely and effectively safeguard national security and ensure that the “one country, two systems” cause is steered toward the right direction, said top legislator Li Zhanshu.
The law will vigorously uphold the constitutional order and the order of rule of law in the HKSAR, forestall and deter external interference, and safeguard Hong Kong’s fundamental, long-term and current interests, he said.
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Author: Jiang Li
When It Comes to Hong Kong’s Stability, Beijing Won’t Budge
By Jiang Li. Xinhua News Agency, July 15, 2020. Complete text:
Beijing – The signing of the so-called “Hong Kong Autonomy Act” into law on Tuesday [July 14] by the White House is yet another example of Washington’s reckless decision to meddle in China’s internal affairs.
According to the new piece of legislation, Washington seeks to sanction foreign individuals and entities allegedly involved in extinguishing freedoms in Hong Kong.
The new US law, as those that came before it, once again tramples on international law and the basic norms of international relations, turns a blind eye to the Chinese government’s legal jurisdiction in Hong Kong, and tries to delegitimize Beijing’s efforts to maintain national security in the Chinese city.
All sanctions are a double-edged sword. Hong Kong is one of the world’s most dynamic financial and trade hubs, and home to tens of thousands of foreign firms. Hurting Hong Kong means hurting foreign businesses.
Take the US for example. The country has vital interests in Hong Kong. It has more than 1,300 enterprises, including almost all of America’s major financial firms, operating in the Chinese city. Also, Hong Kong was the source of America’s largest bilateral trade surplus last year, at $26.1 billion, according to US Census Bureau data.
Thus, if Washington goes ahead with its sanctions, its own interests are at stake.
The newly signed legislation does not come as a surprise. In recent months, China hawks in Washington have launched a ferocious campaign against Beijing. They have left no stone unturned in their attempts to interfere in China’s domestic affairs.
Utilizing a variety of pretexts, like freedom in Hong Kong and human rights in Xinjiang, the purposes are the same: to divert public attention from the widespread protests against racial discrimination and Washington’s failure to control the COVID-19 crisis; to flex some political muscle with presidential elections merely four months away; and to stymie China’s development.
Imagine if China were to sanction the US for the brutal treatment of its African American population or its catastrophic attempt at home to contain COVID-19, a threat to the common health of the entire world.
In the case of Hong Kong, China hardliners in Washington want to encourage extremist violence there, thereby severely compromising Hong Kong’s social stability and economic viability. As long as their own political interests are met, who cares about the people of Hong Kong.
The Declaration on Principles of International Law, adopted by the UN General Assembly in 1970, clearly notes that no country or group of countries has the right to directly or indirectly interfere in the internal or foreign affairs of any other country for any reason.
It is not up to Washington to decide the degree of autonomy in Hong Kong.
Moreover, the law to safeguard national security in Hong Kong has clearly demonstrated China’s resolve to ensure a steady and sustained implementation of the “one country, two systems” principle, a high degree of autonomy, and the long-term stability and prosperity of the global financial center in order to better protect the freedom and rights of people working and living there.
Washington should not test China’s determination to safeguard its national security on its own territory. Those who try to inflict damage to Hong Kong should not expect Beijing to sit on its hands and watch as its sovereign rights are eroded.
The Chinese foreign ministry said on Wednesday that China would appropriately respond and impose sanctions on relevant personnel and entities of the US.
A stable and prosperous Hong Kong is a prerequisite for the Chinese city to continue functioning as an international financial and trade hub and serve US and other foreign interests seeking to benefit from the city’s economic vitality. If Washington continues to meddle in China’s internal affairs and compromise its sovereignty, it will prove to be a dead end.
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Author: Xinhua News Agency
Washington Responsible for China’s Countermeasure Against Houston Consulate Closure
Xinhua News Agency, July 24, 2020. Complete text:
Beijing – The Chinese Foreign Ministry on Friday [July 24] informed the US Embassy in China of its decision to withdraw its consent for the establishment and operation of the US Consulate General in Chengdu.
The ministry also made specific requirements on the ceasing of all operations and events by the Consulate General, said a statement issued by the ministry.
The measure is a legitimate and necessary response to Washington’s unjustified, abrupt and unilateral demand for Beijing to close China’s Consulate General in Houston, a US-style bullying and provocation that must be held accountable for the current tensions in bilateral ties.
The responsibility lies entirely with the US, which has seriously breached international law and the basic norms governing international relations, as well as the bilateral consular agreement, and deliberately undermined bilateral relations by launching another political provocation against China.
The US side claimed that it professed to “protect American intellectual property and American’s private information” by closing China’s Consulate General in Houston, but has failed to offer any concrete evidence to support its ravings.
Ironically, despite US notoriously poor track record of respecting other nations’ sovereignty, US State Department spokeswoman Morgan Ortagus claimed that under the Vienna Convention, states should “have a duty not to interfere in the internal affairs” of the receiving state.
No wonder global media outlets, including the US ones, have raised questions about ulterior motives for the US provocative act. Quoting US Senator Angus King, a member of the Senate Intelligence Committee, CNN reported that King was not aware of any “recent intelligence of particular Chinese activities, either with regard to our elections, or the whole confrontation between our two countries***that may have driven the decision.”
The responsibility lies entirely with the US, also because some US politicians have reached the point of hysteria in damaging US-China relations in recent years.
For the past few months, some senior White House officials have been stigmatizing China by politicizing the COVID-19 pandemic. The US side has also used its state apparatus to suppress Chinese companies on fabricated charges.
Washington has also targeted in a frenzy Chinese nationals within its border. Apart from its political crackdown on Chinese media outlets in the US, the US side has also targeted some Chinese students in America by threatening, interrogating, confiscating personal electronic equipment and even detaining them for no reason.
According to Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson Wang Wenbin, the US side, well before this recent political provocation, has also imposed unwarranted restrictions on Chinese diplomats, and even searched diplomatic bags without permission and seized official articles.
The unilateral closure of China’s Consulate General in Houston is an unprecedented escalation by the US against China, and China has no choice but to counter it.
There are two motivations behind Washington’s anti-China campaign. One is that by lashing out at China amid the ravaging COVID-19 pandemic, some US politicians, who have long been criticized for disastrous handling of the pandemic crisis and the mounting racial tensions in the country, are scrambling to shift the blame and smear China.
It also showcased some US politicians’ desperation to improve the falling poll ratings in the election year by stigmatizing China and politicizing bilateral ties.
By initiating and escalating provocation against China, some US politicians are endangering not only one of the most important bilateral relations in the world, but also the rules-based international order.
History has shown that a constructive China-US relationship is a win-win for both sides, and neither can afford the costs of full-blown confrontation. The onus is now on the US side to prevent bilateral ties from further deteriorating.
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